Studying at Cambridge

DAPA Measurement Toolkit

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Oxford WebQ is a hybrid between a food frequency questionnaire and a 24-hour recall developped by the Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, UK. Its electronic design and the automated derivation of food and nutrient intakes, makes it suitable for use in large-scale prospective cohort studies with repeated measures. It takes approximately 12.5 minutes to complete compared to about 30 minutes for an interviewr-lead 24-hour recall.  

Questions on foods from 21 food groups expand to more detailed food choices if the participant gives a positive answer. Reference portion sizes and a range of frequencies for each food item are provided. For many questions, participants cannot go to the next questions if they have not answered to avoid missing entries. 

Foods and nutrients intakes are automatically calculated with the use of McCance and Widdowson's Food composition table.

Oxford WebQ has been validated against one interviewer-administered 24-hour recall.

Component Detail
Question type - Closed (mainly) Closed questions is the main question type used to achieve automated coding of replies to derive food and nutrient intakes. Open-ended questions are used only to give the choice of inserting foods that are not included in the food list provided.
Time frame - 24 hours Oxford WebQ assesses diet of the last 24-hours with the use of a list of foods.
Sections 1.Typical diet, 2.Hot and cold beverages, 3.Alcoholic beverages, 4.Cereal, 5.Milk, eggs and cheese, 6.Bread, pasta and rice, 7.Soups, snacks and pastries, 8.Meat and fish, 9.Vegetarian alternatives, 10. Spreads, sauces, and cooking oils, 11.Fruit and vegetables, 12.Place of meal preparation, 13.Dietary supplements, 14.Physical activity:3 questions on vigorous, moderate and light physical activity
Number of items Over 200 food items
Output variable Units
Whether diet yesterday was as usual
Type of special diet
Portion size
Total sugars g
Liquid used to make porridge
Breakfast cereal consumed
Porridge intake Bowl
Muesli intake Bowl
Oat crunch intake Bowl
Sweetened cereal intake Bowl
Plain cereal intake Bowl
Bran cereal intake Bowl
Whole-wheat cereal intake Bowl
Other cereal intake Bowl
Dried fruit added to cereal
Milk added to cereal
Intake of sugar added to cereal
Intake of artificial sweetener added to cereal
Vegetable consumers
Baked bean intake Serving
Pulses intake Serving
Fried potatoes intake Serving
Vegetable pieces intake Serving
Coleslaw intake Serving
Side salad intake Serving
Avocado intake Medium avocado
Broad bean intake Serving
Green bean intake Serving
Beetroot intake Serving
Broccoli intake Serving
Butternut squash intake Serving
Cabbage/kale intake Serving
Carrot intake Serving
Cauliflower intake Serving
Celery intake Stick
Courgette intake Serving
Cucumber intake 1inch / 25mm
Garlic intake Clove
Leek intake Serving
Lettuce intake Serving
Mushroom intake Serving
Onion intake Serving
Parsnip intake Serving
Pea intake Serving
Sweet pepper intake Whole pepper
Spinach intake Serving
Sprouts intake Serving
Fresh tomato intake Medium tomato
Tinned tomato intake Serving
Turnip/swede intake Serving
Watercress intake Serving
Other vegetables intake Serving
Fruit consumers
Stewed fruit intake Serving
Prune intake Handful
Dried fruit intake Handful
Mixed fruit intake Serving
Apple intake Whole fruit
Banana intake Whole fruit
Berry intake Handful
Cherry intake Handful
Grapefruit intake Serving/whole fruit
Grape intake Handful
Mango intake Serving
Melon intake Serving
Orange intake Whole fruit
Satsuma intake Serving/whole fruit
Peach/nectarine intake Serving/whole fruit
Pear intake Serving/whole fruit
Pineapple intake Serving
Plum intake Whole fruit
Other fruit intake Serving/whole fruit
Low calorie drink intake Glass/Can
Fizzy drink intake Glass/Can
Squash intake Glass/Carton/250ml
Orange juice intake Glass/Carton/250ml
Grapefruit juice intake Glass/Carton/250ml
Pure fruit/vegetable juice intake Glass/Carton/250ml
Fruit smoothie intake Glass/Bottle/250ml
Dairy smoothie intake Glass/Bottle/250ml
Coffee consumed
Instant coffee intake Mug/Cup
Added milk to instant coffee
Filtered coffee intake Mug/Cup
Added milk to filtered coffee
Cappuccino intake Mug/Cup
Latte intake Mug/Cup
Espresso intake Cup
Added milk to espresso
Other coffee type Mug/Cup
Added milk to other coffee type
Intake of sugar added to coffee Teaspoon
Intake of artificial sweetener added to coffee Teaspoon / tablet
Tea consumed
Standard tea intake Mug/Cup
Rooibos tea intake Mug/Cup
Added milk to standard tea
Added milk to rooibos tea
Intake of sugar added to tea Teaspoon
Intake of artificial sweetener added to tea Teaspoon / tablet
Milk intake Glass/Carton/250ml
Flavoured milk intake Glass/Carton/250ml
Low calorie hot chocolate intake Mug/Cup
Hot chocolate intake Mug/Cup
Meat consumers Serving
Fish consumer
Tinned tuna intake Serving
Oily fish intake Serving
Breaded fish intake Serving
Battered fish intake Serving
White fish intake Serving
Prawns intake Serving
Lobster/crab intake Serving
Shellfish intake Serving
Other fish intake Serving
Cheese consumers
Low fat hard cheese intake Serving
Hard cheese intake Serving
Soft cheese intake Serving
Blue cheese intake Serving
Low fat cheese spread intake Serving
Cheese spread intake Serving
Cottage cheese intake Serving
Feta intake Serving
Mozzarella intake Serving
Goat's cheese intake Serving
Other cheese intake Serving
Egg consumers
Omelette intake Serving
Crumble intake Serving
Pancake intake Pancake
Scotch pancake intake Pancake
Yorkshire pudding intake Muffin-sized pudding
Croissant intake Pastry
Danish pastry intake Pastry
Scone intake Scone
Yogurt/ice-cream consumers
Yogurt intake Serving / small pot
Ice-cream intake
Dessert consumers
Milk-based pudding intake Serving / small pot
Other milk-based pudding intake Serving / small pot
Soya dessert intake Serving / small pot
Fruitcake intake Slice
Cake intake Slice/Item
Doughnut intake Item
Sponge pudding intake Serving
Cheesecake intake Serving
Other dessert intake Serving / small pot
Sweet snack consumers
Chocolate bar intake Bar (~50g)
White chocolate intake Bar (~50g)
Milk chocolate intake Bar (~50g)
Dark chocolate intake Bar (~50g)
Chocolate-covered raisin intake Handful
Chocolate sweet intake Handful
Diet sweets intake Handful
Sweets intake Handful
Chocolate-covered biscuits intake Biscuit
Chocolate biscuits intake Biscuit
Sweet biscuits intake Biscuit
Cereal bar intake Bar
Other sweets intake Handful/Item
Crisp intake Small bag
Added salt to food
Day-of-week questionnaire completed
When diet questionnaire completed
Total food weight g
Total energy intake kilojoules
Protein intake g
Total fat intake g
Carbohydrate intake g
Saturated fat intake g
Polyunsaturated fat intake g
Total sugars intake g
Englyst dietary fibre intake g
Calcium intake mg
Iron intake mg
Vitamin B6 intake mg
Vitamin B12 intake ug
Folate intake ug
Vitamin C intake mg
Potassium mg
Magnesium mg
Retinol ug
Carotene ug
Vitamin E mg
Vitamin D ug
Alcohol g
Starch g
Resource Link
Website External site
Demonstration site External site
Lifestage Reliability and validity literature
Adults External site
First author (year) Title
Darvey et al. (2003) External site
Million Women Study Collaborators (1999) External site
Galante et al. (2016) External site